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Migraine

Migraine:

Migraine

Migraine is a type of headache. Although famous for being on one side of the head, it is visible on both sides. For those who are prone to migraines, the effects of noise, light, odor, variability in air pressure, and certain foods, such as chocolate, grape juice, and cheese, can lead to new and severe headaches. Migraines, however, are not just a headache, it is accompanied by a number of other emotional symptoms (such as feelings of light or sound). According to the symptoms, there are many types of migraines. According to some people, if there are symptoms of a migraine, it can be said that migraine has occurred or that there is no headache.
The word "migraine" is derived from the Greek word (hemicrania), meaning "pain on one side of the head". (Hemi-), "half", and (cranion), "skull".

Pathophysiology:
Cortical Spreading Depression. Migraine is thought to be a form of neurovascular disorder. This is because the problem occurs in the brain and then gradually spreads to the bloodstream. Some researchers suggest that neuronal characteristics may be a major factor. On the other hand, some people consider blood vessels to be the primary cause. Some scientists think that these two are very important.

Its social and cultural impact:
Migraine increases medical costs and reduces productivity. It is thought to be the most expensive neurological disease in Europe. It costs 26 billion annually. The cost in the United States is about $ 16 billion. About one-tenth of the cost is due to trypton. Of this, 15 billion indirect expenses, unemployment is one of the major causes. For those who go to work despite suffering from migraines, efficiency decreases by one-third.

What to do if you have migraine pain?
Avoid working at a computer and talking on the phone for long periods of time to avoid migraine pain. Migraine pain starts suddenly. The disease usually begins in the age group of 20 to 30 years. Today, about 11 percent of adults worldwide suffer from migraine headaches.

What is a migraine?
Migraine is a special type of headache. From any side of the head, it usually causes pain throughout the head. This disrupts normal blood flow to the brain. The arteries of the cerebral cortex swell at the beginning of the headache. Nausea and vomiting associated with headaches can cause blurred vision. But not all heads are headaches. A headache can be caused by myopia, brain tumors, or other headaches. Migraine is a major type of headache, which can be treated with standard treatment. The disease should be treated with a doctor and regular checkups. Migraine pain does not belong to any eye problem.

Why and who more?
It is not known exactly why migraines occur. However, it may be due to genetic or other causes. It is more common in women than in men. Headaches increase during menstruation in women. Eating chocolate, cheese, coffee, etc., birth control pills, anxiety, excessive walking, exercise, insomnia, long-term TV watching, long-term computer work, cell phone talking, etc. disease. Depression, anxiety, constipation, and very bright light exacerbate the disease.

Symptoms:
When the headache starts, it can last for hours, even days. Headache, nausea is the main symptoms of this disease. However, symptoms such as excessive nausea, vomiting, nausea, etc. may occur even before the onset of a headache. The pain starts in any part of the head. Later it spreads all over the head Feelings of pain may form behind the eyes. I do not like noise and light. Sometimes loud noises and light can increase the pain.

Foods that help prevent migraines:
* Magnesium-rich foods. Like Dhemki milled rice, potatoes and barley are resistant to migraine.
* Various fruits, especially dates, and figs relieve pain.
* Green, yellow and orange vegetables are beneficial for regular play.
* Calcium and Vitamin D help prevent headaches. Sesame, flour, and beets are rich in calcium.
* Pieces of ginger or juice can be eaten twice a day by mixing the ginger powder with water.

What foods should you avoid:
* Do not eat tea, coffee, cold drinks, chocolate, ice cream, yogurt, milk, butter, tomatoes, and fruit in salted water.
* Wheat foods, such as bread, pasta, bread, etc.
* Apples, bananas, and peanuts
* Onion
However, different diets can cause problems for different people. So it is better to keep a diary. To be able to keep notes of what foods and what side effects pain increases or decreases. If you make a note like this in one week, you will find your solution. However, if the pain is severe, you should consult a physician.

Here are some ways to eliminate migraines:
* Treatment of Migraine with quick and effective medication and adherence to certain rules can greatly reduce the problem.
* Sleep at a certain time every day and it should be moderate.
* Do not overwork or low light.
* Avoid strong sun or extreme cold.
* Do not stay in a noisy and noisy place for too long.
* Do not sit in front of a computer and TV monitor for too long.
* When a migraine starts, you should drink plenty of water (especially if you vomit), rest, and put cold cloths on your head.

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